• Jakub Stepaniuk

Polish Parliamentary Elections: Slight revisions among massive expectations

Jaroslaw Kaczynski, right, stands beside Polish Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki, Source: (Radek Pietruszka/EPA-EFE)

A lot of fuss about nothing – this was my first reaction when my eyes looked at the exit polls that accurately predicted the official results of parliamentary elections held last Sunday in Poland. A lot of people, including myself, had suggested that these elections were the most crucial ones since 1989, the year in which the processes of democratisation in Central and Eastern Europe began. Why though? How did the parliamentary elections of 2019 differ from the ones in 2015 or 2011? There are at least two issues that made this election politically exceptional. First, the parliamentary tenure from 2015 to 2019 – held by the Law and Justice (PiS) party – was the first in history of modern Polish politics where the leading political party was able enough to acquire a legislative majority and form a government without any coalition partners. Second, it was also the first ever period in which the status of Poland as the model disciple of the post-1989 transformation that had moved successively from communist authoritarianism and a centrally planned economy to a neoliberal and competitive democracy had been undermined. Primarily because of the attempts of PiS to subordinate the judiciary, limit rights and freedoms, implement perilous social policies. Therefore, these elections were supposed to make sure that dreams of Jarosław Kaczyński (the leader of PiS) were be achieved, confirming that Warsaw is ready to become the second politic