Application of the CERD – Case Qatar v. United Arab Emirates
On 11 June 2018, Qatar instituted proceedings against the United Arab States (hereinafter: UAE) for the violation of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination of 21 December 1965 (hereinafter: CERD) at the International Court of Justice (hereinafter: ICJ).
However, the dispute has started earlier when four states: UAE, Saudi Arabia, Egypt, and Bahrain accused Qatar for allegedly financing terrorism in Yemen, severed diplomatic relations with Qatar and banned Qatari airplanes from using their airspace which, in the end, led to the case before the ICJ.
In its Application, Qatar claimed that the UAE implemented a series of discriminatory measures against Qataris such as expulsion, on a collective basis, all Qataris from, and prohibiting the entry of all Qataris into, the UAE on the basis of their national origin; violation of other fundamental rights, including the rights to marriage and choice of spouse, freedom of opinion and expression, public health and medical care, education and training, property, work, and equal treatment before tribunals. According to the Applicant, the UAE also failed to condemn and instead encouraged racial hatred against Qatar and Qataris, allowed, promoted, and financed an international anti-Qatar public and social media campaign, shut down Qatari media such as local Al-Jazeera offices, and failed to provide effective protection and remedies to Qataris to seek redres