India's Shadow Diplomacy
Narendra Modi. Source: https://www.fairobserver.com/region/central_south_asia/narendra-modi-bjp-win-indian-election-news-south-asia-world-news-today-39084/ (Copyright: Kremlin)
Understanding the perspectives of diplomacy that India represents is connected with the influence of populism in the discourses of international law. As the 2019 Elections were won by Narendra Modi, the new Minister of External Affairs, Mr Subramanyam Jaishankar, has introduced a new form of diplomacy we shall call ‘Shadow Diplomacy’. This hidden approach of diplomatic expression as a progressive character of action seems to resemble India as an underdog in the international community. This is supported by economic reforms and has fuelled efforts to manipulate the ideological constraints that the P5 nations suffer at the United Nations. As the second phase of the ‘Modi Sarkar (government)’ begins, we see the rise of this use of India’s “Shadow Diplomacy”. The populist position of India fuelling such a tactic of diplomatic representation has seen a very early success in comparison to Pakistan’s Imran Khan’s politics of populism. In the decade of rising populism, when even the United States is led by a populist like Trump, India has represented its diplomatic side with a ‘pseudo-populist’ stance  of legitimacy. The article explores the potential of Shadow Diplomacy as a theory and practical persona of India in theory.
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