A Green deal for Greenland or the new European Artic Policy
Somewhere up in the High North, still unnoticed by many, the Arctic has turned into a focal point of changing geopolitical patterns. Due to the impacts of climate change, up in the melting regions the dynamics of a new geopolitical strife seem to literally surface. This article shows how a green deal for the Arctic could contribute to a thawing of current political rivalry.
Breaking the ice- A rising geopolitical interest
In 2019 a proposal by U.S. president Donald Trump to purchase Greenland was received with irony and indignation by Denmark and Greenland alike. Danish Prime Minister Mette Frederiksen called this proposal simply “absurd”. She stated: “Greenland is not Danish. Greenland belongs to Greenland. I strongly hope that this is not meant seriously.” However, this is not new, since the purchase of Alaska in 1867, the United States has tried to buy Greenland several times for strategic positioning and, supposed natural resources.
Recently, in the middle of the Covid pandemic, the German polar research ship “Polarstern” returned home to Hamburg from its mission in the Arctic. Researchers had spent one year on board, frozen into an ice-shelf, studying the impacts of climate change in the Arctic. Prof. Markus Rex, leader of the MOSaic expedition, concluded: “We have seen how the Arctic ice is dying. In the summer, even at the North Pole, it was characterise