• Eva Faltusová

Greening EU transport policies: Past achievements, shortcomings & challenges for the recovery period

By Eva Faltusová

Transport in the European Union accounts for more than a quarter of the yearly greenhouse gas emissions, and since 1990 the emissions have increased by almost 28% despite the effort undertaken to mitigate its growth.[1] External effects such as noise, air pollution, and environmental degradation are accompanying transport too. Therefore, greening transport is a crucial task for the community, and as president von der Leyen said: “We need to change how we [..] travel and transport. “[2]

Transport policy is one of the oldest and most important components of the EU internal market, and is a shared competence under the provisions of the Treaty. [3] This policy is vital for fulfilment of the 4 freedoms, especially for the movement of goods, which are mostly exported intra-EU (between 50% to 75%). [4] Also, the transport sector employs more than 11 million people and represents 5 to 7% of the EU GDP. [5] Moreover, transport is nowadays a pivotal issue due to its energy consumption, since one third of the EU’s final energy goes to transport[6]. The biggest emitter is road transport, which genera