The Yemeni War: is the EU complying with the values embodied in the European Union Global Strategy?
This article aims to present the main features of what is known to be the worst humanitarian crisis which have derived from the Yemeni War that started in 2015. Although this war could not directly affect the European Union and its interests in the immediate term, the Union – as a global actor – has throughout its history engaged in spreading its values. In 2016, the Union presented the European Union Global Strategy (EUGS), aiming to establish a set of objectives to be carried out through a set of values and compromises. Thus, in this paper, we will examine how the Union puts into practice the Strategy presented by Federica Mogherini in the situation of Yemen.
Introduction – what is happening in Yemen?
Yemen is facing one of the worst humanitarian crises that started in early 2011, after the events of the Arab spring. The events started with pro-democracy protests against the former authoritarian president Ali Abdullah Saleh, inducing a change on the executive power, and subsequently introducing power struggles and internal instability as features of the Yemeni agenda for the following two years. In 2014, “Houthi insurgents-Shiite rebels with links to Iran” (Global Conflict Tracker, 2021) seized control of Sana’a, one of the largest cities of the country “demanding lower fuel prices and a new government” (Global Conflict Tracker, 2021). The government, upon receiving a threat, began negotiations with the insurgents that, after a year, was not satisfactory and failed in 2015.
The then-president, Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi, was forced to resign in January 2015 as a result of the insurgents seizing the presidential palace. Nearly ten