• Antonio Meleca

Values vs Profits: Is China committing genocide?


Multiple western nations, led by the United States (US), accuse the People’s Republic of China (PRC) of genocide targeting ethnic minorities in the country’s most north-western region, Xinjiang. The PRC, backed by dozens of international supporters, pushes back inviting the US-led block to stay out of domestic affairs.

This paper aims to give a deeper look into the international debate regarding the Chinese Communist Party’s (CCP) actions in Xinjiang, with a specific lens on its influence on western values.

First, it explores the creation of the two opposing blocks of thought on the matter, by looking at the two letters submitted to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR).

Afterwards, the paper dives into the economic ties, with central importance given to the Belt & Road Initiative (BRI), between China and all international actors on either side and more. The paper also gives a final look at two specific country cases, Canada and Italy, questioning the policy choices they have taken towards the CCP.